System of planting A. Square system : • Simplest and wid | Agriculture Exams Library
System of planting
A. Square system : • Simplest and widely adopted /popular method. • In this method R x R and P x P distances are kept similar' • The plants are planted exactly at right angle at each corner. • Number of plants/ha = 10,000 m2/x2 • Where, x2= R x R/P x P.
B. Rectangular system : • More plants can be planted as compare to square system. • Keeping more space between row to row and plant to plant distance is kept comparatively less. • Number of plants = 10,000 m2/X x Y.
C. Hexagonal or equilateral triangle system : • It accommodated 15% more plants than square system. • The plants are planted at the corner of equilateral triangle. • This is very intense method of planting and difficult to layout. • Requires fertile land.
D. Quincunx system/diagonal/filler system : • Most suitable in highly fertile soil. • This method is similar to square system but an additional 'filler' plant is planted in the center of square. • Almost double number of plants can be planted than square method. • The most common filler plants are papaya, banana, date palm etc. • Filler plants give additional income for non bearing orchard.
E. Contour system : • Adopted in hilly areas. • Planting distance is not uniform.
F. Triangular system : • It is mostly used in HDP (high density planting). • E.g. Amrapali variety of mango.