System of planting A. Square system : • Simplest and wid | Agriculture Exams Library

System of planting

A. Square system :
• Simplest and widely adopted /popular method.
• In this method R x R and P x P distances are kept similar'
• The plants are planted exactly at right angle at each corner.
• Number of plants/ha = 10,000 m2/x2
• Where, x2= R x R/P x P.

B. Rectangular system :
• More plants can be planted as compare to square system.
• Keeping more space between row to row and plant to plant distance is kept comparatively less.
• Number of plants = 10,000 m2/X x Y.

C. Hexagonal or equilateral triangle system :
• It accommodated 15% more plants than square system.
• The plants are planted at the corner of equilateral triangle.
• This is very intense method of planting and difficult to layout.
• Requires fertile land.

D. Quincunx system/diagonal/filler system :
• Most suitable in highly fertile soil.
• This method is similar to square system but an additional 'filler' plant is planted in the center of square.
• Almost double number of plants can be planted than square method.
• The most common filler plants are papaya, banana, date palm etc.
• Filler plants give additional income for non bearing orchard.

E. Contour system :
• Adopted in hilly areas.
• Planting distance is not uniform.

F. Triangular system :
• It is mostly used in HDP (high density planting).
• E.g. Amrapali variety of mango.
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