Paediatrics videos & books

Logo of telegram channel paedsvideos — Paediatrics videos & books
Topics from channel:
Neetpg
Logo of telegram channel paedsvideos — Paediatrics videos & books
Topics from channel:
Neetpg
Channel address: @paedsvideos
Categories: Childcare
Language: English
Subscribers: 40.09K
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2022-09-27 20:19:12
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531 views17:19
Open / Comment
2022-09-27 14:17:00
83) What is the most common cause of Jaundice in term newborns requiring treatment?
Anonymous Quiz
24%
a. Rh incompatibility
24%
b. ABO incompatibility
34%
c. Physiological jaundice
18%
d. Sepsis
275 voters541 views11:17
Open / Comment
2022-09-24 14:33:55 https://t.me/+97wtVH46rthlNjU1
NEET PG 2023/INICET 2023

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Link valid for 24 hours only
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366 views11:33
Open / Comment
2022-09-23 15:30:20 82) Explanation


• Kangaroo care is a technique practiced on newborn, usually preterm, infants wherein the infant is held, skin to-skin, with an adult.
• The kangaroo position provides ready access to nourishment.
• The parent’s stable body temperature helps to regulate the neonate’s temperature more smoothly than an incubator, and allows for readily accessible breastfeeding.
• Babies who are eligible for kangaroo care include pre term infants, weighing less than 1,500 grams, and breathing independently.
• Cardiopulmonary monitoring, oximetry, supplemental oxygen or nasal (continuous positive airway pressure) ventilation, intravenous infusion, and monitor leads do not prevent kangaroo care.
• Babies who are in kangaroo care tend to be less prone to apnea and bradycardia and have stabilization of oxygen needs
1.1K views12:30
Open / Comment
2022-09-22 16:02:16
82) Key features of kangaroo mother care are all the following EXCEPT?
Anonymous Quiz
11%
a. Skin to skin contact between mother and baby
7%
b. Exclusive breast feeding
7%
c. Initiated in a facility and continued at home
74%
d. Done for babies with cyanosis
379 voters1.0K views13:02
Open / Comment
2022-09-17 16:30:00 81) Explanation

Since the neonate developed Jaundice on day 3 of life it indicates physiological jaundice. It appears when total serum bilirubin exceeds 5 mg% and progresses in cephalocaudal direction.
Dermal pressure may reveal the anatomic progression of
1. Face = 5 mg/dL
2. Mid-abdomen = 15 mg/dL
3. Soles = 20 mg/dL
The yellow color usually results from the accumulation of unconjugated, nonpolar, lipid-soluble bilirubin pigment in the skin.
• This unconjugated bilirubin is an end product of hemeprotein catabolism from a series of enzymatic reactions by heme-oxygenase and biliverdin reductase and nonenzymatic reducing agents in the reticuloendothelial cells
2.8K views13:30
Open / Comment
2022-09-16 18:47:35
81) A term child is brought with complaints of having jaundice on day 3 of life. How much should be the minimum level to cause jaundice?
Anonymous Quiz
42%
a. 5 mg%
27%
b. 10 mg%
26%
c. 15 mg%
6%
d. 20 mg%
2.2K voters9.1K views15:47
Open / Comment
2022-09-13 16:40:00 80)Explanation

• Breathing difficulty in children when lying down is a condition in which a child has trouble catching his or her breath or breathing normally when lying down.
Breathing difficulty in children when lying down (pediatric orthopnea) includes:
ƒ Airway obstruction e.g., foreign object
ƒ Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
ƒ Cystic fibrosis
ƒ Corpulmonale ƒ
Heart failure Baby feels better when held against shoulders.
3.9K views13:40
Open / Comment
2022-09-12 16:30:31
80) A mother complains that baby is more comfortable and breathes better when held against shoulder. What important clinical problem do you suspect?
Anonymous Quiz
15%
a. Nose block
15%
b. Psychological anxiety or insecurity
29%
c. Aerophagy with abdominal fullness
40%
d. Orthopnea
802 voters3.8K views13:30
Open / Comment
2022-09-09 07:30:00 79) Explanation

Early manifestations of congenital infection vary and involve multiple organ systems.
• About 60% of infants born with congenital syphilis are asymptomatic at birth.
• Symptoms develop within the first 2 months of life. In symptomatic infants, the most common physical finding, seen in 100% of cases, is hepatomegaly.
• The other common findings are skeletal abnormalities, rash, and generalized lymphadenopathy.
• Radiographic abnormalities, periostitis or osteitis, involve multiple bones. Sometimes, the lesion is painful and an infant will favor an extremity (pseudopalsy).
• The rash is maculopapular and may involve palms and soles. In contrast to acquired syphilis, a vesicular rash and bullae may develop. These lesions are also highly contagious.
• Mucosal involvement may present as rhinitis (“snuffles”). Nasal secretions are highly contagious.
• Hematological abnormalities include anemia and thrombocytopenia. Late-onset congenital syphilis (diagnosed >2 y) Manifestations include neurosyphilis and involvement of the teeth, bones, eyes, and the eighth cranial nerve, as follows:
1. Bone involvement - Saber shins, saddle nose
2. Teeth involvement - Notched, peg-shaped incisors (Hutchinson teeth)
3. Pigmentary involvement - Linear scars (rhagades) at the corners of the mouth
4. Interstitial keratitis - Presents in the first or second decade of life
5. Sensory-neural hearing loss (eighth cranial nerve deafness)
6. Classic Hutchinson triad - (1) defective incisors, (2) interstitial keratitis, (3) eighth cranial nerve deafness
4.5K views04:30
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